Advantages of Biomass Energy Over Other Sources of Energy
Biomass energy is one of the carbon neutral technology. Animal and plant natural is the main raw material required for the production of biomass energy. Biomass energy production emits zero carbon to the environment, therefore, protects the atmosphere from harm than fossil fuel. When biomass is produced with caution it results in zero increase of carbon dioxide in the air as no carbon is released. Minimal production of sulfur which results to acid rain is another benefit that comes with the biomass energy To reduce carbon and sulfur emission to the atmosphere, the use of biomass energy should be encouraged and fossil fuels abandoned.
Biomass conversion can be achieved through co-firing or gasification. Cofiring is achieved through direct combustion of biomass in the presence of fuel to generate power. Cofiring method is encouraged than gasification because it results in production of very minimal amount of sulfur and carbon. Another method is gasification which involves the conversion of carbonaceous feedstock into energy in high-pressure conditions. The products of gasification are then converted to energy through a series of steps while using heat exchangers and scrubbers.
Minimal emission of methane which is a hydrocarbon to the atmosphere another advantage of biomass energy. Methane destroys the ozone layer resulting in global warming when discharged into the atmosphere. During the decomposition of organic matter of plants and animals to produce biomass, methane is used to generate energy. Biomass production also makes use of the large volume of plant and animal wastes before it is converted to harmful carbon dioxide reducing the need for landfill sites. Raw materials for biomass production can be easily found, and therefore its output is possible in many regions except for the desert areas. In areas with deficient energy resources, biomass plants can be used for power generation.
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Regarding reliability, biomass is more stable as compared to solar that depends on sunlight and geothermal energy. Since it is independent of sunlight and wind, biomass energy can be produced in many sectors. Company biomass waste can also be converted to energy that can be used in running machinery without relying on an external source reducing the costs of operation.
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The waste from the plants and animals are taken to the pellet mills to convert them to forms that can be transformed to energy. A good pallet mills should be constructed in such a way that it can handle a broad spectrum of wastes. Biomass pellet mill efficiency and productiveness is determined not only by the size of the debris particle but also the percentage moisture content in the waste product.