Biomass is one of the sources of energy that is carbon neutral. Biomass energy results from the conversion of animal and plant organic matter. Biomass energy production emits zero carbon to the environment, therefore, protects the atmosphere from harm than fossil fuel. Cautious production of biomass results to no emission of carbon to the atmosphere maintaining the recommended amount of carbon dioxide in the air. Minimal production of sulfur which results to acid rain is another benefit that comes with the biomass energy Promoting the use of biomass energy will ensure that carbon and sulfur are not released in the atmosphere as in the case of other sources such as fossil fuel.
Biomass conversion can be achieved through co-firing or gasification. Cofiring refers to the direct combustion of biomass and coal that results to production of energy. In comparison with gasification, co-firing produces minimal amounts of carbon and sulfur that are emitted to the atmosphere. Another method is gasification which involves the conversion of carbonaceous feedstock into energy in high-pressure conditions. To produce energy, the products obtained from gasification must go through other series of steps.
Apart from carbon neutrality another benefit that comes with use of biomass is reduced amount of methane produced. Methane destroys the ozone layer resulting in global warming when discharged into the atmosphere. Biomass production makes use of methane produced from the decomposition of animal and plant organic matter by converting it to energy. The large quantities of plant and animal was that are disposed of in landfill sites can be converted to energy before they are translated into hazardous carbon dioxide. Biomass energy can be utilized in a wide range of areas except for the desert areas where the plants cannot quickly grow. In areas with deficient energy resources, biomass plants can be used for power generation.
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Regarding reliability, biomass is more stable as compared to solar that depends on sunlight and geothermal energy. Since it is independent of sunlight and wind, biomass energy can be produced in many sectors. For companies that are producing biomass waste can cut their maintenance cost by producing biomass energy.
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Biomass pellet mills are responsible for the conversion of the animal and plant waste into a form that can be easily converted to energy. A good pallet mills should be constructed in such a way that it can handle a broad spectrum of wastes. The efficiency and productivity of the pallet mill depends on the amount of moisture that is present in the raw material and the size of the particle.